22nd September 1875
10th April 1911
Senoji Varėna, Lithuania
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis was a Lithuanian painter, composer and writer. (In Polish, his name is rendered Mikołaj Konstanty Czurlanis; in English, Nicholas Constantine Ciurlionis.)
Čiurlionis contributed to symbolism and art nouveau and was representative of the fin de siècle epoch. He has been considered one of the pioneers of abstract art in Europe. During his short life he composed about 400 pieces of music and created about 300 paintings, as well as many literary works and poems. The majority of his paintings are housed in the M. K. Čiurlionis National Art Museum in Kaunas, Lithuania. His works have had a profound influence on modern Lithuanian culture. The asteroid 2420 Čiurlionis is named after him.