Johann Joachim Quantz was a German flutist, flute maker and composer. Quantz was born in Oberscheden, near Göttingen, Germany, and died in Potsdam. He began his musical studies as a child with his uncle (his blacksmith father died when Quantz was young. At his deathbed, he begged his son to follow in his footsteps), later going to Dresden and Vienna. He abandoned the violin and the oboe in order to pursue the flute. It was during his time as musician to Frederick Augustus II of Poland that he began to concentrate on the flute, performing more and more on the instrument. He gradually became known as the finest flautist in Europe, and toured France and England.