Henrique Oswald was a Brazilian composer and pianist. He studied in Europe then spent several years in Florence. In 1902 he won a piano competition sponsored by Le Figaro. From 1903 to 1906 he directed the Instituto Nacional de Música in Rio de Janeiro. His work fell into disfavor after the "Semana de Arte Moderna" manifesto, but has experienced something of a revival recently, with the Piano Concerto G minor being included in Hyperion's Romantic Piano Concerto series.