Franz Xaver Neruda was a Danish cellist and composer of Moravian origin. His major works include five cello concertos, four quartets and three orchestral works. He wrote also many small pieces for piano, organ, cello, violin and some songs. The Cello concerto No. 2 in d minor, Op. 59 has belonged both in past and present times to common pieces of cello repertoire. Cello concertos No. 1 in e minor, Op. 57, No. 3 in A major, Op. 60 and No. 5 in G major, Op. 66 were premiered in May 2005 by cellist Beate Altenburg and Anhaltischen Philharmonie Dessau under Golo Berg. The CD released on this occasion remains the only widely available recording with his works.