Carl Friedrich Weitzmann was a German music theorist and musician. Weitzmann was born in Berlin and first studied violin in the 1820s with Carl Henning and Bernhard Klein. From 1827 to 1832 he studied composition in Kassel with Louis Spohr and Moritz Hauptmann. In 1832 he founded a Liedertafel (a peculiarly German type of male singing society) in Riga (now in Latvia) with Heinrich Dorn. In Revel (now Tallinn, Estonia), he became music director of the opera where he composed three operas. From 1836 he began a ten-year association with the Saint Petersburg court orchestra. At this time he began to collect music books and folksongs. Weitzmann toured in Lappland and Finland (then part of the Russian empire) and performed with orchestras in Paris and London, returning to Berlin in 1848 to research music history and theory. In 1857 he took a teaching position with the Stern Conservatory (now part of the Berlin University of the Arts).